VTI Services Technical Bulletin (TB)
Insertion of RJ11 or RJ12 plugs into
RJ45 Telecommunication Outlet
This bulletin is supplied for information only and is intended to provide only guidance. Technical bulletins are issued by VTI Services technical director as to VTI Services position at the time the bulletin was issued. Information on VTI Service’s Disclaimer of Liability can be found on www.vti.net.au
Text in Blue Italics is derived from Standards.
The following is applicable to the insertion of RJ11 or RJ12 plugs into an RJ45 socket.
The insertion of RJ11 and RJ12 plugs into RJ45 sockets degrades the performance of the RJ45 outlet, limiting its ongoing performance to low speed applications and limiting its ability to support all present and future PoE services.
The insertion of RJ11 and RJ12 plugs into RJ45 socket does not meet Australian or International standard’s requirements.
The insertion of a RJ11 or RJ12 plug into a RJ45 socket is not acceptable as it:-
- does not met the “fit for purpose” mandatory requirements of AS/CA S009:2020 and
- is not supported by AS/NZ or International performance standards
AS/CA S009 Clause 5.5.1 states a cabling product shall be selected and installed so that it is fit for its intended purpose.
AS/CA S009 Clause 5.5.2 states customer cabling should be installed in accordance with AS/NZS 118.1.x - Performance, AS/NZS 3084 - Pathway and Spaces, 14763.2 - Planning and Installation, AS/NZS - Coaxial Cabling.
AS/CA S009 is regulated by the Australian Communication Media Authority and is called up under legislation in accordance with the Telecommunication Act 1997.
AS/NZS 11801.1 in Table 97 states that the plug (free connector) shall meet IEC 60603-7 requirements. IEC 60603-7 is an 8-way free connector (plug). RJ11 and RJ12 are not 8-way plugs and they cannot achieve conformance to AS/NZS 11801.1 channel requirements.
AS/NZS 11801.1 and ISO/IEC 11801-1 require the use of external adaptors and baluns to interface to a telecommunication outlet (RJ45). The prior use of RJ11 or RJ12 plugs will have a detrimental effect on the use of these adaptors and baluns.
Note: - The terms RJ11, RJ12 and RJ45 plugs and sockets in this document refer to common usage terminology. AS/NZS and International standards reference these plug and sockets by different identifiers.
The insertion of most RJ11 or RJ12 plug into a RJ45 outlet can permanently deform the outer pins of the RJ45 outlet causing issues related to but not limited to;
1. DC resistance
2. Insertion Loss
8. DC Resistance unbalanced within a pair
9. DC Resistance unbalanced between pairs
AS/NZS 11801.1 Conformance requirements include items1-7.
Items 8 and 9 are listed as optional in AS/NZS 11801.1 but they do affect PoE delivery (e.g. security cameras, VOIP phones, signage, LED lighting circuits, and other powered devices being supplied through the RJ45 socket).
VTI Services recommends the used of commercially available “A” ticked or “C” ticked RJ45 to RJ11/12 cords/leads to replace telephone cords which present RJ11/12 at the RJ45 telecommunication outlet (telephone outlet).
VTI Services acknowledges the contribution of member and associated industry and standards writing organisations that contributed to the creation of Technical Bulletins.